10 characteristics of JUPITER
Jupiter is the largest planet in the solar system. It was named after the king of the gods in Roman mythology. The discovery of this planet changed the way we see the universe and ourselves in 1610, when Galileo discovered the four large moons of Jupiter: Io, Europa, Ganymede and Callisto, now known as Galileo's moons. This was the first time that celestial bodies had been seen circling an object other than the Earth, a strong support of Copernicus' view that the Earth was not the center of the universe. Let's see below the most outstanding characteristics of Jupiter.
- Jupiter It is the most massive planet in our solar system, more than twice as massive as all the other planets combined, and had it been 80 times as massive, it would have become a star rather than a planet. Its atmosphere resembles that of the sun, composed mainly of hydrogen and helium, and with four large moons and many smaller moons in orbit around it, Jupiter itself forms a sort of miniature solar system. In total, the immense volume of Jupiter could contain more than 1,300 Earths.
- The colorful bands Jupiter are arranged in dark belts and light zones created by strong east-west winds in the planet's upper atmosphere traveling at over 400 mph. White clouds in the zones are made of frozen ammonia crystals, while darker clouds of other chemicals are found in the belts. At the deepest levels visible are blue clouds. Far from being static, cloud streaks change over time. Within the atmosphere, diamond rain can fill the skies.
- The most extraordinary feature on Jupiter is undoubtedly the great red spot, a giant hurricane-like storm seen for over 300 years. At its widest point, the Great Red Spot is three times the diameter of Earth, and its edge spins counterclockwise around its center at a speed of about 360 km/h. The color of the storm, which typically ranges from brick red to light brown, may come from trace amounts of sulfur and phosphorus in ammonia crystals in Jupiter's clouds.
- He Jupiter's gigantic magnetic field It is the strongest of all the planets in the solar system, almost 20,000 times stronger than Earth's. It traps electrically charged particles in an intense belt of electrons and other electrically charged particles that regularly bombard the planet's moons and rings with a level of radiation more than 1,000 times the lethal level for a human, damaging even heavily armored spacecraft such as the NASA's Galileo probe. Jupiter's magnetosphere, which is composed of these fields and particles, expands 1 million to 3 million kilometers toward the sun and tapers to a tail that extends more than 600 million Jupiter miles.
- Jupiter spins faster than any other planet, taking just under 10 hours to complete one spin on its axis, compared to 24 hours for Earth. This rapid spin causes Jupiter to bulge at the equator and flatten at the poles, making the planet 7 percent wider at the equator than at the poles.
- Jupiter emits radio waves strong enough to be detected on Earth. These come in two forms: strong bursts that occur when Io, the closest of Jupiter's large moons, passes through certain regions of Jupiter's magnetic field, and continuous radiation from Jupiter's surface and high-energy particles. in their radiation belts. These radio waves could help scientists explore the oceans on their moons.
- Another of Jupiter's most distinctive features is its atmospheric composition: 89.8 percent molecular hydrogen, 10.2 percent helium, minor amounts of methane, ammonia, hydrogen dehydrate, ethane, water, ammonia ice spray, water ice spray, ammonia hydrosulfide spray
- Jupiter has a dense core of uncertain composition, surrounded by a helium-rich layer of fluid metallic hydrogen, enveloped in an atmosphere composed primarily of molecular hydrogen. A core less than 10 times the mass of Earth surrounded by a shell of fluid metallic hydrogen extending 80 to 90 percent of the planet's diameter, enclosed in an atmosphere composed primarily of gaseous and liquid hydrogen.
- average distance from the sun: 483,682,810 miles (778,412,020 km). For comparison: 5,203 times more than Earth. Perihelion (closest approach to the sun): 460,276,100 miles (740,742,600 km). For comparison: 5,036 times more than Earth. Aphelion (farthest distance from the sun): 507,089,500 miles (816,081,400 km). For comparison: 5,366 times that of Earth
- Jupiter has at least 63 moons, who are often named after the many Roman gods. Jupiter's four largest moons are Io, Europa, Ganymede, and Callisto.
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ENCICLOPEDIA DE CARACTERÍSTICAS (2023) 10 characteristics of JUPITER, en 10caracteristicas.com. https://10caracteristicas.com/en/10-characteristics-of-jupiter/ (Consultado el: 24-09-2023)
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