10 characteristics of solar radiation

7 months ago · Updated 7 months ago

Solar radiation is a form of energy emitted by the sun in the form of electromagnetic waves. This radiation is vital for life on Earth, as it provides the light and heat necessary for the development of living beings. In this article, we will explore the main characteristics of solar radiation, as well as some frequently asked questions about this natural phenomenon.

Characteristics of Solar Radiation



  1. It is a form of electromagnetic energy emitted by the sun.
  2. It is made up of different wavelengths, including visible light, infrared rays and ultraviolet rays.
  3. It is essential for plant photosynthesis, which converts solar radiation into chemical energy.
  4. It is responsible for the water cycle on Earth, as it causes the evaporation and condensation of water.
  5. It is the main source of heat on Earth, determining the climate and the seasons of the year.


  6. It is the basis of solar energy, which can be used through solar panels to generate electricity.
  7. It is the main cause of tanning and sunburn on human skin due to its ultraviolet radiation.
  8. It is essential for the spatial orientation of many living beings, which use solar radiation as a reference for their movements.
  9. It is the main source of lighting on the planet during the day.
  10. It is key in maritime navigation and land orientation, since the sun is used as a reference to determine position and time of day.


Frequently Asked Questions about Solar Radiation

1. What is solar radiation?

Solar radiation is a form of electromagnetic energy emitted by the sun that is transmitted through space and reaches Earth.

2. How is solar radiation measured?

Solar radiation is measured through instruments called solar radiometers, which record the intensity of radiation at different wavelengths.

3. What effects does solar radiation have on human health?

The ultraviolet radiation present in solar radiation can cause damage to human skin, such as sunburn and increased risk of skin cancer.

4. What is the importance of solar radiation in agriculture?

Solar radiation is essential for the photosynthesis of plants, which convert solar energy into chemical energy through the absorption of light.

5. How can solar radiation be used as a source of energy?

Solar radiation can be used through solar panels, which convert solar energy into electricity through the photovoltaic effect.

6. What is the ozone layer and how does it protect against solar radiation?

The ozone layer is a layer of gas located in the stratosphere that absorbs much of the harmful ultraviolet radiation, thus protecting living beings from its harmful effects.

7. How does solar radiation affect the climate and seasons of the year?

Solar radiation determines the climate and the seasons of the year, since it is the main source of heat on Earth and its uneven distribution generates differences in temperature and atmospheric pressure.

8. How does solar radiation influence the orientation of living beings?

Solar radiation is used as a reference for the spatial orientation of many living beings, which use the position of the sun to move and determine the time of day.

Table of Solar Radiation Intensity by Region

RegionSolar Radiation Intensity (kWh/m2/day)
Sahara desert6.0
Amazon4.5
North Europe1.5
Antarctica0.5

This table shows the intensity of solar radiation in different regions of the world, measured in kilowatts per square meter per day. As can be seen, equatorial areas receive a greater intensity of solar radiation than polar areas.

Solar radiation is a natural phenomenon of vital importance for life on Earth, which influences numerous aspects of our environment. From its impact on human health and agriculture, to its role in energy generation and the spatial orientation of living beings, solar radiation is a fundamental element on our planet.



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ENCICLOPEDIA DE CARACTERÍSTICAS (2024) 10 characteristics of solar radiation, en 10caracteristicas.com. https://10caracteristicas.com/en/10-characteristics-of-solar-radiation/ (Consultado el: 21-06-2024)

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