10 characteristics of the Moon

The Moon is Earth's only natural satellite. It is one of the largest natural satellites in the Solar System, and the fifth largest moon in the Solar System. The Moon is the second densest natural satellite after Jupiter's satellite Io. The Moon is believed to have formed about 4.51 billion years ago, shortly after Earth. The most accepted theory is that the Moon was formed from the remains that were left after a giant impact between the Earth and a body the size of Mars.

Moon Features

  1. The Moon has a diameter of 3,474 km, that is, one third the size of the Earth. It has a mass of 7.35 x 10^22 kg, about 1/81 the mass of the Earth. It is 28.5 times more massive than the largest natural satellite in the Solar System, Ganymede. The density of the Moon is 3.34 g/cm^3, approximately 60% of the density of the Earth.
  2. The Moon has a very thin atmosphere, composed mainly of helium and atomic oxygen. The Moon's surface is covered in a layer of dust and rocky debris called regolith. The regolith is deepest around the craters, where it can be up to a meter deep.
  3. The Moon has a dark side, which is permanently oriented away from Earth. This is because the Moon is tidally locked, meaning it takes the same time to spin on its axis as it does to orbit the Earth. The dark side of the Moon is sometimes called the "dark side of the force." The far side of the Moon, facing away from Earth, was not seen by humans until the 20th century. It was first photographed by the Soviet Union's Luna 3 spacecraft in 1959. The far side of the Moon is sometimes called "the dark side of the force" because it is permanently dark.
  4. The average temperature on the Moon is -233 degrees Celsius. However, the temperature can vary greatly depending on where you are on the Moon. The temperature on the day side of the Moon can be as high as 123 degrees Celsius, while on the night side it can be as low as -153 degrees Celsius.
  5. The Moon has no oceans or atmosphere, which means there is no weather on the Moon. However, the Moon has a very weak magnetic field.

  6. The Moon's gravity is about 1/6 of Earth's gravity. This means that you would weigh about 1/6 of what you do on Earth.
  7. The Moon orbits the Earth at an average distance of 384,400 km. It takes 27.3 days to orbit the Earth, which is the same time it takes to rotate on its axis.
  8. The Moon's orbit is not perfectly circular. It is elliptical, which means that sometimes it is closer to Earth than other times. When the Moon is at its closest to Earth, it is said to be at "perigee", and when it is at its furthest from Earth, it is said to be at "apogee".
  9. The Moon's orbit is tilted relative to Earth's orbit around the Sun. This means that the Moon's orbit is not in exactly the same plane as Earth's orbit. As a result, the Moon sometimes appears to be above or below the Sun in the sky.
  10. The Moon's orbit is not perfectly synchronized with Earth's orbit around the Sun. This means that the Moon is sometimes ahead or behind Earth in its orbit. When the Moon is ahead of Earth in its orbit, it is said to be "wasting," and when it is behind Earth in its orbit, it is said to be "wasting."

Man first visited the moon in 1969

Have passed more than 50 years since man first set foot on the Moon. On July 20, 1969, American astronauts Neil Armstrong and Edwin "Buzz" Aldrin became the first humans to set foot on the lunar surface, fulfilling a promise made by President John F. Kennedy in 1961 to put a man on the moon. moon within a decade.

The Apollo 11 mission was an incredible achievement of human engineering and endurance. Armstrong and Aldrin spent more than eight hours outside their spacecraft, including nearly two and a half hours walking on the moon. They collected samples of lunar rock and soil, deployed scientific instruments, and took photographs. The mission was a triumph of American ingenuity and a strong demonstration of the United States' commitment to space exploration.

Since Apollo 11, 12 American astronauts have walked on the Moon. The last manned mission to the Moon was Apollo 17 in 1972. In the decades since, humans have continued to explore the solar system with robotic spacecraft. But no one has returned to the Moon.

There are many reasons why we have not returned to the Moon. The cost of a manned mission to the Moon is prohibitive. And there is no clear scientific or commercial motivation to return. But the 50th anniversary of Apollo 11 is a good time to reflect on what we've accomplished in space and imagine what the future might hold.

Who knows what the next 50 years will bring us? We may see humans walking on Mars or even traveling beyond our solar system. But one thing is certain: the legacy of Apollo 11 will continue to inspire future generations of explorers.

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ENCICLOPEDIA DE CARACTERÍSTICAS (2023) 10 characteristics of the Moon, en 10caracteristicas.com. https://10caracteristicas.com/en/10-characteristics-of-the-moon/ (Consultado el: 26-09-2023)

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