10 characteristics of PLASTER

1 year ago · Updated 1 year ago

Plaster is a material widely used in construction due to its ease of handling and its great resistance capacity. It is a mineral of natural origin composed mainly of calcium sulfate dihydrate. Likewise, plaster is a very versatile material, which makes it ideal to be used in various applications. For example, it can be used in the manufacture of moldings and cornices to decorate walls and ceilings.

Another of the most common applications of plaster is as an ingredient in the manufacture of drywall. These panels are used in the construction of walls and ceilings, and are characterized by being lighter and easier to install than traditional materials. In addition, drywall is an excellent option to improve the acoustics of spaces, since it absorbs sound.

Finally, another of the applications of plaster is as a material for making molds and models of works of architecture and design. Due to its ease of handling and low cost, plaster is a very popular material among students and design professionals. Likewise, plaster can be used in the restoration of historic buildings, since it is a material that adapts perfectly to traditional construction techniques.

List of the 10 most important characteristics of PLASTER



  1. Construction materials: Plaster is a widely used material for the construction of interior walls and ceilings due to its ability to be molded and its resistance to fire.
  2. natural origin: Gypsum forms naturally through the evaporation of water in salty lakes and seas. It can also be found in sedimentary rocks.
  3. Calcium and sulfate: The main component of plaster is calcium sulfate dihydrate, which makes it an important source of calcium.
  4. Density and hardness: Gypsum is a relatively soft and light mineral, with a hardness of 1.5 on the Mohs scale and a density of about 2.3 g/cm³.
  5. Fire retardant properties: Plaster has a high resistance to fire, which is why it is commonly used in the construction of partitions and ceilings to retard the spread of fires.


  6. Acoustic properties: Plaster is also known for its ability to absorb sound, making it ideal for partition walls in recording studios and theaters.
  7. Insulating properties: Due to its density, plaster can act as a thermal and acoustic insulator, helping to reduce noise and maintain a constant temperature inside a building.
  8. Uses in the food industry: Gypsum is also used in small amounts as a food additive, as a source of calcium, a firming agent, and as a leavening agent.
  9. medical application: The plaster is used in the medical industry for the manufacture of molds and splints for broken bones, as well as for the manufacture of prostheses and orthopedic devices.
  10. Art and decoration: Plaster is widely used in the production of decorative mouldings, statues and sculptures due to its ease of molding and sculpting.


Final comments about the PLASTER

In conclusion, plaster is a versatile and popular building material used for centuries. It has been shown to have beneficial properties, such as its resistance to fire and its ability to regulate humidity in an interior space. It is also important to highlight its use in medicine, as well as in the ceramics industry and agriculture. However, it is important to note that plaster has a number of limitations, such as its brittleness compared to other building materials and its susceptibility to moisture degradation. Despite these limitations, the use of gypsum will continue to be important in construction and other fields in the future.

In conclusion, gypsum is a very important and useful substance in a number of applications. Its beneficial properties make it a highly used construction material since ancient times, as well as in the medical industry and other fields. It's important to be aware of its limitations, but in general, plaster will continue to be an important part of construction and other fields well into the future. Attention must be paid to its proper maintenance and responsible management to continue taking advantage of its multiple benefits.



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ENCICLOPEDIA DE CARACTERÍSTICAS (2024) 10 characteristics of PLASTER, en 10caracteristicas.com. https://10caracteristicas.com/en/10-characteristics-of-plaster/ (Consultado el: 22-06-2024)

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