10 characteristics of the SAVANNAH

1 year ago

The savannah is an ecosystem characterized by its hot and humid climate and its presence of trees and herbs. It is found in tropical and subtropical areas, mainly in Africa, and is one of the most biodiverse ecosystems in the world.

The savannah is a transition region between the jungle and the desert, and presents a great variety of landscapes, from green plains to hills and mountains. Rainfall in the savannah is regular and usually ranges between 1,000 and 1,500 mm per year.

The savannah is home to a wide variety of animals such as lions, leopards, elephants, rhinos, buffaloes, antelopes, and many other species. It is also home to a wide variety of plants, including trees, shrubs, and herbs.

The savannah is a vital ecosystem for the balance of the planet, since it is an important carbon sink and provides a home and a source of food for many animal and plant species.

Characteristics of the Savannah



  1. Hot and humid climate: The savannah has a hot and humid climate, with temperatures ranging between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius and regular rainfall throughout the year.
  2. Presence of trees and herbs: The savannah is an ecosystem rich in vegetation, with a great variety of trees, shrubs and herbs that grow in the fertile and humid soil of this region.
  3. Biodiversity: The savannah is one of the most biodiverse ecosystems in the world and is home to a large number of animal and plant species.
  4. Diverse Landscape: The savannah features a wide variety of landscapes, from green plains to rolling hills and mountains.
  5. Presence of rivers and lakes: The savannah usually has rivers and lakes that provide water to the vegetation and animals that inhabit this region.


  6. High temperatures: Temperatures in the savannah can be very high during the day and drop slightly at night.
  7. Light winds: The savannah is usually exposed to light and constant winds throughout the year.
  8. Fertile soil: The soil of the savannah is generally fertile and rich in nutrients, which favors the growth of vegetation.
  9. Presence of large animals: The savannah is home to a wide variety of large animals such as elephants, rhinos, buffaloes and antelopes.
  10. Ecological importance: The savannah is a vital ecosystem for the balance of the planet, since it is an important carbon sink and provides a home and a source of food for many animal and plant species.


What flora exists in the savannah?

The flora of the savannah is made up of a wide variety of plants that are adapted to living in hot and humid conditions. Some of the most common plants found in the savannah are:

  1. Trees: The savannah is home to a wide variety of trees, including the baobab, acacia, sycamore, and mango. These trees provide shade and shelter for the animals that inhabit the savannah.
  2. Shrubs: Shrubs are medium-sized plants that grow in the savannah and can reach up to one meter in height. Some common shrub species in the savannah are hawthorn, governor bush, and tea bush.
  3. Herbs: Herbs are low plants that grow on the savanna soil and are the main food for the animals that inhabit this region. Some common grass species in the savannah are grass, clover, and ash.

In addition to these plants, some species of flowers are also found in the savannah, such as the daisy, cactus flower, and onion flower. These flowers often bloom during the warmer months, bringing color and beauty to the savannah landscape.



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ENCICLOPEDIA DE CARACTERÍSTICAS (2024) 10 characteristics of the SAVANNAH, en 10caracteristicas.com. https://10caracteristicas.com/en/10-characteristics-of-the-savannah/ (Consultado el: 23-07-2024)

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