10 characteristics of New Spain

8 months ago · Updated 8 months ago

New Spain was the name given by the Spanish conquerors to the territory that currently corresponds to Mexico, parts of the United States and Central America. It was conquered by Hernán Cortés in 1521 and remained a Spanish colony until its independence in 1821. During this period, New Spain experienced a series of political, social and cultural changes that left a lasting mark on the region.

Main characteristics of New Spain



  1. Imposition of the Spanish language as an official language
  2. Development of a multiethnic society with the mixture of races and cultures
  3. Establishment of a caste system that classified the population according to their racial ancestry
  4. Exploitation of natural resources, especially silver and gold mining
  5. Development of a system of encomiendas for the exploitation of indigenous land and labor


  6. Conversion of the indigenous population to Christianity through missions and evangelization
  7. Establishment of a colonial government system with viceroyalties and audiences
  8. Introduction of new plants, animals and foods that transformed diet and agriculture
  9. Development of colonial architecture with the construction of churches, convents and mansions
  10. Contributions to music, art and literature with the fusion of European and indigenous influences


Viceroyalty comparison table

ViceroyaltyCapitalFoundation dateTerritorial expansion
New SpainMexico City15355,000,000 km²
PeruLime15422,000,000 km²

Frequently Asked Questions about New Spain

What was New Spain?

New Spain was the name given by the Spanish conquerors to the territory that corresponds to Mexico, parts of the United States and Central America.

When was New Spain conquered?

New Spain was conquered by Hernán Cortés in 1521.

When was the independence of New Spain?

New Spain obtained its independence in 1821.

What were the main resources of New Spain?

The main resources of New Spain were silver, gold, corn and other agricultural products.

What contributions did New Spain leave in culture?

New Spain contributed to music, art and literature with the fusion of European and indigenous influences.

What was the system of government in New Spain?

New Spain had a system of colonial government with viceroyalties and audiences.

What role did religion play in New Spain?

Religion was an important pillar in New Spain, with the conversion of the indigenous population to Christianity through missions and evangelization.

What was the legacy of New Spain today?

The legacy of New Spain is reflected in the architecture, gastronomy, music, language and traditions of the region.



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ENCICLOPEDIA DE CARACTERÍSTICAS (2024) 10 characteristics of New Spain, en 10caracteristicas.com. https://10caracteristicas.com/en/10-characteristics-of-new-spain/ (Consultado el: 23-07-2024)

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