10 characteristics of venous ulcers

Venous ulcers are open, painful lesions that appear on the skin when blood circulation in the leg veins is poor. This condition occurs as a result of an inability of the veins to carry blood back to the heart due to a weakness in the walls and a decreased ability of the venous valves to do their job. Venous ulcers can be quite annoying and can cause complications like bacterial infections and other serious illnesses.

One of the main causes of venous ulcers is chronic venous insufficiency, which occurs when the veins in the legs cannot adequately carry blood back to the heart. This problem usually occurs in people who have a poor diet, a sedentary lifestyle, or have suffered some type of muscle or vein injury. In addition, the occurrence of venous ulcers can also be attributed to factors such as obesity, high blood pressure, diabetes, and other chronic diseases.

Treatment of venous ulcers usually focuses on improving blood circulation in the affected area and preventing infection. Patients may need to wear compression bandages or stockings to improve blood circulation, and in some cases, surgery or medical procedures may be needed to repair affected veins. Lifestyle changes, such as increased physical activity and a balanced diet, can also be very helpful in preventing the appearance of venous ulcers.

List of the 10 most important characteristics of venous ulcers

  1. Location: Venous ulcers usually appear on the lower legs, near the ankle.
  2. Shape: They are usually round or oval, with jagged, fuzzy edges.
  3. Surrounding skin coloration: The skin around the ulcer may be dark red or brown in color.
  4. secretions: The ulcer may have discharge that contains pus or a clear fluid.
  5. Pain: The sore can be painful, especially when touched or shaken.

  6. Inflammation: The area around the ulcer may be swollen and painful.
  7. Hardened Skin: The skin near the ulcer may become hard and thick.
  8. Infection: The ulcer may be infected and cause pain, fever, and redness down the leg.
  9. Visible veins: Veins may become more apparent around the ulcer.
  10. slow healing: Venous ulcers can take weeks or even months to heal, and they often come back.

Final comments about venous ulcers

Venous ulcers are a common chronic condition that mostly affects older people or people with associated chronic diseases. These are skin lesions that arise in the lower extremity and are generated from chronic venous insufficiency. That is why the treatment of these lesions can be complicated and take a long time. The importance of early diagnosis and follow-up by an interdisciplinary team (doctors, nurses and physiotherapists) are essential for the success of the treatment and for the prevention of relapses.

Regarding specific care, it is essential to mention the relevance of compression therapy, which helps reduce venous congestion and stimulates blood flow in the affected area. In addition, the use of special dressings and adequate cleaning and hygiene of the ulcerated area are also essential measures in this type of condition. Although venous ulcers are a chronic condition that requires prolonged treatment, with proper care and following medical recommendations, it is possible to prevent complications and achieve effective healing in most cases.

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ENCICLOPEDIA DE CARACTERÍSTICAS (2023) 10 characteristics of venous ulcers, en 10caracteristicas.com. https://10caracteristicas.com/en/10-characteristics-of-venous-ulcers/ (Consultado el: 22-09-2023)

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