10 characteristics of X-rays

7 months ago

X-rays are a form of electromagnetic radiation, which have the ability to penetrate different materials. They were discovered by Wilhelm Conrad Röntgen in 1895, and since then they have become a fundamental tool in the field of medicine, industry and scientific research.

Main characteristics of X-rays



  1. They have the ability to penetrate different materials, such as soft tissues, but are absorbed by denser materials such as bones.
  2. They are generated from the collision of high-energy electrons with a metallic target in an X-ray tube.
  3. They can be used to obtain high-resolution images of internal tissues of the human body, which allows diagnosing different diseases and injuries.
  4. They are used in medicine to perform x-rays, CT scans and fluoroscopy.
  5. In industry, they are used to inspect the integrity of materials, such as welds or metal parts.


  6. They are used in scientific research to study the structure of materials, such as crystals or proteins.
  7. X-rays can also be used in medical treatment, such as radiation therapy to treat cancer.
  8. They have the ability to ionize atoms, which can cause cellular damage and genetic mutations in living beings.
  9. They have the ability to pass through the human body, so it is important to limit x-ray exposure and use protective measures.
  10. Its use is regulated by government agencies, which establish maximum permissible doses and safety standards.


Table of uses of X-rays

ApplicationDescription
MedicineFor diagnosis and treatment of diseases.
IndustryInspection of materials and welds.
Scientific investigationStudy of the structure of materials.

X-ray FAQ

What are the risks of exposure to X-rays?

Excessive exposure to X-rays can increase the risk of cancer and genetic damage. For this reason, it is important to limit exposure and use protective measures, such as lead aprons.

How long does an x-ray x-ray take?

An X-ray x-ray usually takes only a few minutes, although in special cases it may take longer.

Is it safe to have an x-ray during pregnancy?

Although it is recommended to avoid exposure to X-rays during pregnancy, in most cases the risk is minimal and adequate protective measures can be taken.

Are there any contraindications to having a CT scan with X-rays?

Some people with contrast allergies and pregnant women may have contraindications to having a CT scan with x-rays.

How long does it take to obtain the result of an x-ray?

The time it takes to obtain the result of an x-ray varies depending on the medical center, but generally it can be delivered in a few hours or days.

Can an x-ray x-ray be done if I have a pacemaker?

An X-ray is generally not recommended if you have a pacemaker, but in some cases it may be necessary and specific precautions should be taken.

Can X-rays damage food?

X-rays do not leave residues on or alter food, so they are used in food inspection to look for foreign objects.

What is the difference between a CT scan and a conventional x-ray?

The main difference is that computed tomography allows detailed images to be obtained in cross sections of the body, while conventional x-rays only show a two-dimensional image.



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ENCICLOPEDIA DE CARACTERÍSTICAS (2024) 10 characteristics of X-rays, en 10caracteristicas.com. https://10caracteristicas.com/en/10-characteristics-of-x-rays/ (Consultado el: 22-06-2024)

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