10 characteristics of ASD children

children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) they have a different way of processing the world around them. This disorder occurs in different degrees and is characterized by difficulties in communication and social interactions, as well as in behavior and organization of ideas.

It is important to note that each ASD child is unique and presents a wide variety of characteristics and needs. Some may have difficulty understanding the emotions of others or expressing their own emotions, while others may have rigorous routines and trouble adjusting to changes in their environment. For this reason, it is essential to respect and support the particularities of each child with ASD in order to help them develop fully and happily.

It is necessary for society to educate itself and learn to live with people with ASD in order to provide them with opportunities for growth and a friendly and safe environment for their development. ASD children need love, understanding, patience and support from their families, friends and the community in general in order to be successful in life, and to feel valued and part of society. We can all contribute so that ASD children can live a full and happy life, accepting their differences, creating inclusive environments and promoting equal opportunities.

List of the 10 most important characteristics of ASD children

  1. Communication difficulties: children with ASD may have difficulty communicating verbally or have delayed speech development.
  2. Lack of social interaction: Children with ASD may have difficulty establishing social relationships with their peers and may show little interest in the emotions of others.
  3. Repetitive behaviors: Children with ASD may exhibit repetitive behavior patterns, which may manifest as repetitive movements or resistance to change.
  4. Increased sensitivity to sensory stimuli: Children with ASD may be hypersensitive or hyposensitive to sensory stimuli, such as light, sound, and touch.
  5. Specific interests: Children with ASD may have concentrated and intense interests in a limited subject, and may have difficulty changing the subject.

  6. Learning difficulties: Children with ASD may have difficulty understanding language and instructions, which can affect their academic performance.
  7. Anxiety and emotional problems: Children with ASD may have difficulty managing their emotions and may experience anxiety and depression.
  8. Difficulties in motor coordination: Children with ASD may have difficulties with motor coordination, balance, and movement planning.
  9. Difficulties understanding the meaning of facial expressions and tone of voice: children with ASD may have difficulty understanding emotions expressed in tone of voice and facial expressions.
  10. Vulnerability to being victims of harassment and abuse: Children with ASD are mostly vulnerable to these situations because they tend to be less aware of Social boundaries and have difficulty reporting situations.

Final comments about ASD children

Children with ASD are a heterogeneous group with unique and individual characteristics compared to their neurotypical peers. Early and personalized intervention can improve their quality of life and social, communication and emotional skills. Additionally, it is important to recognize that children with ASD may have exceptional talents and abilities in specific areas, which can help improve their self-esteem and self-confidence.

However, there are still many challenges children with ASD face, including a lack of understanding and acceptance by society at large. It is essential to promote greater awareness and education about autism, in order to foster greater inclusion and empathy towards these children. Only through teamwork between parents, educators, health professionals and the community as a whole can children with ASD be supported to reach their full potential and participate fully in society.

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ENCICLOPEDIA DE CARACTERÍSTICAS (2023) 10 characteristics of ASD children, en 10caracteristicas.com. https://10caracteristicas.com/en/10-characteristics-of-asd-children/ (Consultado el: 22-09-2023)

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