10 characteristics of deer

Deer are mammals belonging to the Cervidae family, known for their elegance and majesty in the animal kingdom. These animals are present in diverse ecosystems around the world, including forests, grasslands and mountains.In this article, we will explore the main characteristics that make deer special, as well as their geographical distribution and some interesting facts.

Main Characteristics of Deer



  1. Herbivores: Deer feed mainly on plants, leaves, fruits and shoots.
  2. Branched horns: Males develop a skin-covered bony structure called a horn, which grows and branches as they age.
  3. Excellent jumpers: Deer have an impressive ability to jump, being able to reach heights of up to 3 meters and distances of more than 9 meters.
  4. Agility and speed: They are fast and agile animals, capable of running at speeds of up to 70 kilometers per hour.
  5. Communication system: They use vocalizations, body movements, and facial gestures to communicate with each other.


  6. Natural camouflage: Their fur is an adaptation to blend in with their environment, allowing them to hide from possible predators.
  7. Acute vision: Deer have excellent vision, allowing them to detect potential threats from a distance.
  8. Mating period: The mating season varies depending on the species, and during this period, males use their horns to compete for females.
  9. Polygamous: Some species of deer are polygamous, meaning males have multiple partners.
  10. Longevity: Under ideal conditions, deer can live up to 10-20 years, although this also depends on the species.


Geographical distribution

Deer are distributed in different parts of the world. Some species are native to North America, such as the white-tailed deer, while others live in Europe, Asia and Africa. The broad adaptability of deer allows them to survive in diverse climatic conditions and ecosystems.

Interesting data

Here are some interesting facts about deer:

  • The largest deer in the world is the elk, which can measure up to 2 meters high at the withers.
  • The white-tailed deer is the official symbol of the state of Illinois, United States.
  • Deer are known for their ability to regrow their antlers each year.
  • Some species of deer migrate long distances in search of food and better weather conditions.
  • The gestation of a female deer lasts approximately 7 months.

Comparison chart

SpeciesAverage LongevityAverage weightGeographical distribution
White-tailed deer6 - 14 years32 - 150kgNorth America
Roe deer10 - 15 years15 - 40kgEurope, Asia
red deer10 - 15 years90 - 190kgEurope, Asia
sambar15 - 20 years150 - 320kgAsia
Source: National Geographic, Deer and Deer Hunting


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ENCICLOPEDIA DE CARACTERÍSTICAS (2023) 10 characteristics of deer, en 10caracteristicas.com. https://10caracteristicas.com/en/10-characteristics-of-deer/ (Consultado el: 28-11-2023)

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