10 characteristics of EUROPE

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Europe, the second smallest continent in the world, is made up of the westward-projecting peninsulas of Eurasia (the large land mass it shares with Asia) and occupies nearly one-fifteenth of the world's total land area. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, and to the south (from west to east) by the Mediterranean Sea, the Black Sea, the Kuma-Manych Depression, and the Caspian Sea. The eastern border of the continent (from north to south) stretches along the Ural Mountains. and then roughly southwest along the Emba (Zhem) River, which terminates at the northern Caspian shore.

characteristics of europe

Characteristics of Europe



  1. Europe It is the second smallest continent in the world: 10,180,000 km² covering about 6.7% of Earth's land and 2% of Earth's surface.
  2. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the west, the Arctic Ocean to the north, and the Mediterranean Sea to the south.. The Ural Mountains in Russia mark the eastern end. The southern regions are higher and include the Pyrenees, the Alps, and the Carpathian mountain ranges. The longest river in Europe is the Volga (2,850 km) in Russia. The highest mountain is Elbrus (5,642 m) in Russia.
  3. Europe lies entirely in the northern hemisphere and has four different seasons
    • Spring - March, April, May
    • summer - june, july, august
    • Autumn - September, October, November
    • winter - December, January, February
  4. He Europe weather It can be broadly divided into five different types of climate:
    • Deciduous forest: four distinct seasons with hot summers and cold, wet winters. The trees shed their leaves in autumn.
    • Coniferous Forest – Also known as Taiga, cold and dry with snowy winters and warmer summers.
    • Mediterranean: warm to high temperatures with rainfall in the fall and winter months.
    • Grasslands: Hot summers and cold winters with above-average rainfall.
    • Tundra: This area is characterized by a layer of permafrost (soil that has been below freezing for at least two years). Winters are very cold, summers are warm, and there is little rainfall.
  5. There are 47 countries in Europe, including Turkey and Russia, which are located in both Europe and Asia: Albania, Andorra, Austria, Belarus, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Bulgaria, Croatia, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Greece , Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Liechtenstein, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Macedonia, Malta, Moldova, Monaco, Montenegro, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Russia, San Marino, Serbia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain , Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, Ukraine, United Kingdom, Vatican City.


  6. Europe is the third most populous continent with a total population of around 729,000,000 (2006) about 11% of the world's population. Southern England, western Germany, the Netherlands, and northern Italy are the most populated areas, while Iceland, northern Scandinavia, and northern Russia are the least populated.
  7. Europe has the largest economy in the world, with Germany and the United Kingdom being the most economically developed countries. The countries of Central and Eastern Europe are the least economically developed and are poorer in relation to Western countries.
  8. The plant life of europe It is characterized according to the climatic region.
    • The deciduous forest region is rich in plants and includes tall and small trees, shrubs, small plants, and mosses. The image (left) shows a deciduous forest region of Hungary.
    • The coniferous forest region contains trees such as pine, spruce, and spruce. Due to the cold during the winter months, only short grasses and shrubs can survive in the tundra region.
    • The grassland region is characterized by large open areas of tall or short grass.
    • Plants found in the Mediterranean region have adapted to differences in precipitation and temperature between winter and summer, and include palms, citrus, forests, and scrub.
  9. Due to the population density in Europe, few areas of natural habitat remain and many indigenous animals are now extinct or endangered.
    • Brown bears and wolves can be found in the northern coniferous forest regions.
    • Deer, foxes, hedgehogs, snakes, and wild cats can be found in deciduous forest regions.
  10. Europe has high population densities, concentrated in urban-industrial regions. A growing percentage of people in urban areas are employed in a wide range of service activities, which have come to dominate the economies of most countries. However, in manufacturing and agriculture, Europe still occupies an eminent position, although no longer necessarily predominant.




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ENCICLOPEDIA DE CARACTERÍSTICAS (2024) 10 characteristics of EUROPE, en 10caracteristicas.com. https://10caracteristicas.com/en/10-characteristics-of-europe/ (Consultado el: 22-06-2024)

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