10 characteristics of the SOLAR SYSTEM
The solar system is made up of the Sun and all the objects that orbit it. This includes planets, moons, asteroids, comets, and other objects. The Sun is the center of our solar system and everything else orbits around it.
The eight planets in the solar system are Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune. These planets, known as the inner planets, lie relatively close to the Sun. Beyond the gas giants (Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune) lie the dwarf planets, including Pluto, Ceres, and a few others.
All the planets in our solar system are made of different materials, such as rock, ice, and gas. They have different sizes, shapes and surfaces. For example, Earth is a rocky planet with an atmosphere and oceans of liquid water. Instead, Jupiter is a gas giant with no solid surface.
The moons are natural satellites that orbit around the planets. Their size can vary from small rocky chunks to vast icy worlds. Many of the moons in our solar system also have their own atmospheres and internal heat sources.
Asteroids are small rocky bodies found mainly in the Asteroid Belt, between Mars and Jupiter. They are usually made of metal and rock and vary in size from small specks to large chunks several kilometers in diameter.
Comets are made of ice, rock, and dust. They often have tails of gas and dust that move away from the Sun when they enter our solar system. Comets often have very eccentric orbits and can be seen in the night sky from time to time.
Our solar system is a fascinating place filled with an enormous variety of objects. From the inner planets to dwarf planets, moons, asteroids, and comets, it's a diverse and ever-changing environment. As we continue to explore the system, we're sure to find even more exciting and interesting things to discover.
The 10 most important features of the solar system
- The Solar System is made up of the Sun and all the celestial bodies that orbit around it, such as planets, moons, asteroids, comets and other minor bodies.
- The Sun is the central star of the Solar System and is the source of energy and heat for all the planets and celestial bodies in the system.
- The planets of the Solar System are divided into two categories: inner planets and outer planets. The inner planets are Mercury, Venus, Earth, and Mars, and they are small with little to no atmosphere. The outer planets are Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, and Neptune, and they are larger and have thicker atmospheres.
- All the planets in the Solar System, except Mercury and Venus, have moons. Moons are celestial bodies that orbit around the planets and can be of different sizes and shapes.
- Asteroids are small celestial bodies made mostly of rock and metal that orbit the Sun. Many asteroids are found in the region called the Asteroid Belt, which lies between Mars and Jupiter.
- Comets are celestial bodies made mostly of ice and dust that orbit the Sun. As a comet approaches the Sun, its ice melts, leaving behind a trail of dust and gas that trails away from the Sun.
- The Solar System has a plane called the ecliptic plane, which is the path Earth follows around the Sun. All the other planets in the Solar System also follow the ecliptic plane, although they may have orbits that are slightly inclined relative to it.
- The Solar System is located in one of the corners of the Milky Way, a large galaxy that contains billions of stars and planetary systems.
- The Solar System formed approximately 4.6 billion years ago, when a cloud of dust and gas collapsed and heated to form the Sun and planets.
- The Solar System is home to Earth, the only known planet on which the presence of life has been detected. The Earth has an atmosphere rich in oxygen and liquid water, which makes possible the existence of a great variety of living things.
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ENCICLOPEDIA DE CARACTERÍSTICAS (2023) 10 characteristics of the SOLAR SYSTEM, en 10caracteristicas.com. https://10caracteristicas.com/en/10-characteristics-of-the-solar-system/ (Consultado el: 26-09-2023)
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