10 characteristics of Futurism

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Futurism is an artistic and literary movement that arose in Italy at the beginning of the 20th century. It was promoted by the poet and writer Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, who in his Futurist Manifesto (1909) proposed a break with tradition and an exaltation of technology, speed and modernity. The futurists considered that the machine was the paradigm of the modern era and that it should be the object of admiration and study by artists.

Despite its brief duration, Futurism had a great influence on the artistic avant-garde of the 20th century. His proposal for an art that reflected the dynamism and speed of modern life inspired movements such as Dadaism, Surrealism and Cubism. In addition, his conception of poetry as a form of rebellion and provocation led to the renewal of traditional poetic forms and the emergence of new genres, such as visual poetry and sound poetry.

In short, Futurism was a movement that sought to renew the arts and literature through the exaltation of technology and modernity. Although his ideas were considered radical and provocative in his time, his legacy has survived to this day, inspiring numerous artists and writers who have found speed, movement and the machine a reason for creation and experimentation.

List of the 10 most important characteristics of Futurism



  1. Futurism: Artistic and literary movement that emerged in Italy at the beginning of the 20th century that sought to break with the traditions of the past and explore the future from a technological and avant-garde perspective.
  2. Rejection to the past: Futurism aspired to break with the artistic and cultural tradition of the past, rejecting the figurative and bourgeois aesthetic in favor of a more dynamic and modern vision.
  3. Speed ​​Celebration: Futurism exalted movement and speed, reflecting the fast pace of life in industrialized societies.
  4. Art-science interaction: Futurism explored the possibilities of science and technology in art, promoting experimentation with new materials and techniques.
  5. Expressionism: Futurism used an aggressive and provocative aesthetic, characterized by the exaltation of violence and war, sometimes inspired by German expressionism.


  6. Futurist Manifesto: The Futurist Manifesto, written by Filippo Tommaso Marinetti in 1909, was the founding document of the movement, outlining the principles and goals of Futurism.
  7. media art: Futurism explored new forms of artistic expression that included music, literature, theater and cinema, consolidating itself as one of the precursors of multimedia art.
  8. utopian vision: Futurism aspired to build a new, more just and modern society, in which man was in harmony with technology and progress.
  9. Influences of cubism: Futurism shared some aesthetic principles with cubism, such as the simplification of forms and the geometricization of the human figure and objects.
  10. Legacy: The legacy of Futurism extends to the present day, inspiring numerous contemporary artists and movements that continue to explore man's relationship with technology and the future.


Final comments about Futurism

In summary, Futurism was an artistic and literary movement that arose in Italy at the beginning of the 20th century and was characterized as avant-garde, bold, and rebellious. The futurists sought to break with traditional values ​​and exalt speed, the machine, technology and modernity. They also advocated the abolition of established cultural institutions and the creation of a new culture that would reflect the rapid changes of the times.

Although Futurism did not last long, its legacy was very significant, influencing other subsequent artistic and literary movements, such as Dada, Surrealism, and Abstract Expressionism. In addition, Futurism had a great impact in fields such as advertising, fashion, industrial design and architecture, where new forms and materials were sought to capture the futuristic aesthetic. In conclusion, Futurism was an avant-garde movement whose impact extended beyond the artistic and literary field, influencing the culture and society of its time and leaving its mark on the future.



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ENCICLOPEDIA DE CARACTERÍSTICAS (2024) 10 characteristics of Futurism, en 10caracteristicas.com. https://10caracteristicas.com/en/10-characteristics-of-futurism/ (Consultado el: 23-07-2024)

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