10 characteristics of literary romanticism

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Literary Romanticism is a movement that began in Europe at the end of the 18th century. and spread throughout Latin America during the first half of the 19th century. This literary movement was characterized by its interest in feelings, imagination and creative freedom. Romantic authors showed great interest in nature, emotion, and the supernatural aspects of human life.

Romantic writers showed great concern for the social and political issues of their time, especially freedom and individualism. His literary works reflected the people's struggle against social restrictions and political oppression. This movement also sought to expand the boundaries of literature and create new forms of artistic expression. Romantic writers used a wide variety of literary devices, such as irony, fantasy, and symbolism, to flesh out their ideas.

Literary Romanticism was a movement that sought experimentation and freedom in literature and reflected the social and political concerns of its time. Romantic writers were able to create a new type of literary aesthetic, which combined imagination with reality, and which influenced later literature. Today, Literary Romanticism remains a significant movement in the history of literature, valued for its originality, its social commitment, and its ability to reach the reader's emotions.

List of the 10 most important characteristics of literary romanticism



  1. Subjectivism: In literary romanticism, the emphasis is placed on the emotions and inner thoughts of the characters, and crucial importance is given to the inner world of the individual.
  2. Nature: Nature has a central role in romanticism, as it is considered a source of inspiration and a manifestation of the divine.
  3. Feeling of freedom: Romanticism is a movement that is characterized by its desire for freedom, both in the personal sphere and in the aesthetic and artistic sphere.
  4. Sublime: The feeling of the sublime is a constant in romantic literature, which tends to explore themes of spirituality, mystery, and transcendence.
  5. Melancholia: Melancholy is a recurring emotion in romantic literature, which is associated with the desire for the unattainable and the longing for the past.


  6. Exaltation of the individual: Romanticism celebrates the individual and their ability to interpret the world in their own unique and personal way.
  7. Anthropocentrism: In contrast to medieval thought, centered on God, romanticism focuses on the human being and his experiences.
  8. Passion: Passion is a fundamental element of romantic literature, which often features intense and passionate characters.
  9. Rating of the popular: Romantic literature values ​​popular traditions and cultures, and makes use of folkloric and mythical materials in its literary creation.
  10. Rebellion: Romanticism is characterized by its rebellious spirit and its rejection of social and artistic conventions.


Final comments about literary romanticism

In conclusion, literary Romanticism was a fundamental movement in the history of literature. He reflected on human nature and the relationship with nature, making reason aware of the importance of emotion and feeling in literary creation. It was an artistic current that transmitted a wide range of emotions and experimentation, in the search for individual freedom and idealism that culminated in a renewal of the cultural and aesthetic values ​​of the time. In short, literary Romanticism was characterized by the introspection of the individual in the face of the conflict between reality and emotions, showing a great interest in fantasy, adventure, love and nature, so his legacy is still a source of inspiration for contemporary literature.

Literary Romanticism also left us a particular way of interpreting literary and artistic creativity, giving rise to the expression of the individual and their deepest emotions through the use of language. Its most important aspects include the value of imagination, the representation of individuality, the cult of nature and the importance of history and tradition in the construction of collective memory. Through its literary principles and techniques, Romanticism inspired generations of writers, marking a sea change in European literature by paving the way for Realism and Symbolism. In short, the legacy of literary Romanticism is incalculable, since it laid the foundations for the exploration of the human psyche and the fight for freedom in the convulsive Europe of the 19th century.



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ENCICLOPEDIA DE CARACTERÍSTICAS (2024) 10 characteristics of literary romanticism, en 10caracteristicas.com. https://10caracteristicas.com/en/10-characteristics-of-literary-romanticism/ (Consultado el: 23-07-2024)

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